The following Camcorder Hints and Tips come from “DVworkshop”, a UK website.
Light is of course vital to any camcorder or camera. Good lighting produces
good footage, poor lighting will produce poor footage.
A camcorder set to auto exposure will do it's best to adjust to the prevailing
lighting conditions, but cannot perform miracles.
An average room lit by a 150 watt bulb will be around 300 lux. Outdoors on
a cloudy day will average 10,000 lux. A bright sunny day is around 35,000 lux. You can see
from these examples that it is expecting a little too much to ask a camcorder to automatically cope by
altering it's shutter speed and aperture across such a varying range of lighting conditions
and still provide acceptable footage. Using additional lighting when filming indoors
or in low light conditions, combined of course with a tripod, will greatly help to improve picture quality. This also holds true when using slow shutter speed and wide aperture settings
to compensate for low light conditions.
Always 'condition' new tapes prior to use by recording from start to end with
the camcorder lens cap on. This will apply a continual timecode to the tape making
finding a particular frame easy. Also it retensions the tape, reducing the possibility of tape jitter.
Changing the camera angle will change the viewers perception of the subject.
A downward angle will belittle the subject, whereas an upward angle will add emphasis
to its size.
Try filming at the same height from the ground as your subject. For example,
when small children feature in your footage lower your camcorder to their headheight.
When videoing small animals try some footage on their level.
Use your camcorders zoom function primarily for framing a shot. The eye does
not follow zooms very well when used for effect within a clip or scene. If this cannot
be avoided zoom slowly.
Always, always find some support when shooting. Use a tripod. Use a monopod.
Use a shoulder brace. Use a chest support. Lean against a tree, wall, car, anything
stable. There is no excusing wobbly waivering video clips. O.K. we have all done it, but then we improved. Didn't we?
Wide-angle and telephoto converter lenses are available to change the range
of focal lengths available from a lens. Shorter focal length = wider angle, longer
focal length gives greater telephoto.
Macro Add On Lens
Use a '+diopter' add on lens for macro recording. They are available in varying
degrees of magnifying power (+2, +3, and so on). Can be added together i.e. a +2 and
a +3 gives the same as a +5. Also, using a +diopter lens means the zoom function is still available to frame the subject.
Cuts down haze, and also protects the (bloomed) lens from damage (fingermarks,
dust, grit, grime, sand etc.) Fit it permanently. Much cheaper to replace than your camcorders
Used to reduce or eliminate reflections (from glass and water etc.) Will also
make the sky appear more blue. Ideal for those holiday videos.
Use a lens hood to prevent unwanted light entering the lens from above, below
or from the side. Also provides some protection for the lens.
Labeling each tape with a unique number will make life easier, particularly
when using an editing programs smart capture feature.
Always monitor recorded sound through fully enclosed headphones, not the open
back type often used with personal stereos.
Cover all the mike with fur fabric and / or open-cell foam to reduce or eliminate
the effect of the wind on it.
Remember the battery's charge will expire much sooner when being used in cold
conditions, for example outdoors in winter. Also recharge times need to be extended
in such conditions.
When taking a camcorder from a very cold to a warmer place be aware of the
risk of dew forming on the video head drum. Allow time for it to warm up to room temperature
before using. Leave for 20 to 30 minutes with the cassette door open and tape removed
to speed up this process.